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Tokyo Japan History

Tokyo is the capital city of Japan, the most populous city in the country and the most populous metropolitan area in the whole world. It is considered to be one of the major global cities on the planet with a population over 8 million people, residing the city only, and the population of the Greater Tokyo Area is about 35 million people, what, doubtlessly, makes to be one of the hugest world’s cities.

The city was founded in 1603 by Shogun Tokugawa, after unification of the states of Japan. First it was named Edo. In 1868 the city was renamed to Tokyo and till this very time it has grown to the measures of the city with a population over one million people. This city has always been rapidly developing one, so even at that very period it has already become the nation’s political, economical, and cultural centre.

The city of Tokyo was established and continued to be the capital until it was abolished as a municipality in 1943.

During its history the city if Tokyo has endured two vast catastrophes: Great Canto Earthquake (1923) and the World War II. During the war the territories of the city were badly bombarded and hence heavily destroyed. But the city was completely restored after the war.

In 1970 the city saw a great progress, and its population rose to about 11 millions in the metropolitan area. Such rapid progress was caused by the construction of the Airport at Narita outside the city of Tokyo but still not far away.

An immense stream of people was attacking the city, as everyone wanted to live in a prosperous and progressively-developed metropolitan area. Even at that time Tokyo’s railway and subway became the busiest ones, serving millions of newcomers and residents of the city.

So the year 1980 witnessed a huge economical splash. Money, earned from the real estate was the main income of the city, what grow into a huge economical bum, making the city recovering from the distractions and devastatings, caused by the World War II.

The weather conditions, to be more exact strong earthquakes, typical to the city, have always brought great squandering of money and caused a lot of accidents and deaths. The most unprofitable ones were those of 1703, 1782, 1812, 1855, and 1923. And the last one (1923) killed 123,000 people!

So, if the climate conditions were more advantageous, the city of Tokyo would be even more powerful.

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